Law of the Sea

Rights and obligations

Public international law, or the law of nations, governs the relations of states with one another.

Globalisation has seen international law increasingly affect the activities of businesses and communities.

Robert represents states, inter-governmental organisations, and private interests in matters of public international law, international environmental law, and law of the sea.

He has broad experience with negotiation and interpretation of international agreements, sovereign rights and jurisdiction over natural resources, domestic implementation of international obligations, state responsibility and private liability, and dispute resolution.

Robert is available as counsel for a range of dispute resolution proceedings, including advisory opinions, adversarial actions, arbitration, and mediation.

Selected highlights

  • Counsel before International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) in Responsibilities and Obligations of States Sponsoring Persons and Entities with Respect to Activities in the Area (Advisory Opinion 17, February 2011).
  • Assisted counsel before ITLOS in Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (Advisory Opinion 21, 2015).
  • Facilitated working group on ecosystem-based management for International Seabed Authority’s workshop on “Environmental Assessment and Management for Exploitation of Deep Seabed Minerals in the Area” (Australia, May 2016).
  • Advised the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (Applied Geoscience and Technology Division) on the Cook Islands Environment (Permitting and Seabed Mineral Activities) Regulations 2014.
  • Advised the Secretariat of the Pacific Community on the European Union funded P-ACP Regional Legislative and Regulatory Framework for Deep Seabed Mining and Exploration in 2012.